Polish is spoken by over 44 million people worldwide, the vast majority of whom live in Poland, where it is the official language. A significant number of Polish speakers can also be found in Germany, Israel and Slovakia.

Polish, a Lekhitic subgroup of the West Slavic language family, is closely related to Czech, Slovak and Sorbian. Polish has numerous dialects, the four that are most widely used are:

  • Great Polish, spoken in the Northwest.
  • Little Polish, spoken in the Southeast.
  • Mazovian.
  • Silesian.

Polish has borrowed many words from German, Czech, Belarusian, Latin, Italian, French and English.

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