Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a small, land-locked country with green and mountainous landscape, it’s known for its spectacular scenery and wildlife. In this blog, I will cover brief, but important facts about this West African country.
- Kigali is the capital and largest city.
- Rwanda’s population is more than 12 million people (2016).
- Life expectancy is 60 years.
- Median age is 19 years old.
- Unemployment is currently 3.4%.
- The official languages are Kinyarwanda, English and French.
- The national language and the first language of almost the entire population is Kinyarwanda.
- The immigrant languages are Rundi and Swahili.
- In commerce, Swahili is often used.
- The literacy rate is about 71%.
- The largest religion in the country is Christianity.
- 49% of Rwandans are Roman Catholic.
- Ethnic groups include: Hutu (Bantu) 84%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 15% and Twa (Pygmy) 1%
- Rwandan Literature is both oral and written in Kinyarwanda or French.
- Rwandans greet someone of higher rank by extending their right hand while putting the left one on the right arm as a sign of respect.
- Rwandan food is simple with beans, bananas, sweet potatoes, potatoes, and sorghum being the most common foods.
- Rwanda has international trade with Uganda and Congo.
- The most important sectors in Rwanda’s economy are agriculture and mining.
- The huge attraction for visitors in Rwanda is the spectacular scenery and wildlife.
- Most Rwandans are replacing landlines with mobile phones.
- Coffee is the main export, followed by other agricultural products such as tea.
- Natural resources include: gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower and arable land.
- Rwanda’s economy is growing at an average annual rate of 78% over the last eight years.
- Recently, Rwanda ranked by world bank (2015) as one of the world’s fastest growing economies.
- The country is working to be on track to meet the health-related Millennium Development Goals.
- The Rwandan government has plans to make internet available country-wide and to get free wireless spots in the public areas.